Common Sprains of the Foot and Ankle

Common sprains of the foot and ankle can cause serious discomfort and even be downright painful. Depending on the extent of the injury, it might or might not require surgery. (Although, the vast majority of sprains do heal, with the right treatment and recovery regime.) Contrary to popular belief, more people suffer from sprains than just athletes. Almost anyone can suffer from a foot or ankle injury and during some of the most routine circumstances.

Just What is a Foot or Ankle Sprain, Anyway?

Here’s where a whole lot of folks get confused. They don’t know what a sprain actually is, other than it’s not a fractured bone or broken bone. While this is true, they tend to think of a sprained ankle or foot as a “twisted ankle” or “twisted foot.” In reality, what’s happened is that the ligaments — fibrous tissues — that connect the bones to the joints are overstretched or torn. So, a sprained ankle or foot actually means a tearing or hyper stretching of the ligaments.

Common Sprains of the Foot and Ankle

The most common form of ankle sprain and foot sprain is well, just that, a sprain or stretching or tearing of fibrous tissue known as ligaments. These can be such injuries as a sprained ankle, a sprained knee, a sprained foot, and others. (Of course, this sort of injury can also occur at other joints, like the wrist, elbow, and elsewhere.)

Most Common Foot and Ankle Injuries

Sprains are right at the top of the list because there’s not much needed to cause such an injury. But, this certainly isn’t the only injury one can experience in the foot or the ankle, there are more. These include, but are not limited to Achilles tendonitis, foot and ankle bone fractures, plantar fasciitis, and more.

How Foot and Ankle Sprains are Treated

More often than not, a foot or ankle sprain only requires minimal attention. A doctor might recommend an elastic bandage, perhaps sports tape or something else to help support the affected area to keep it from moving. In more severe cases, it’s possible a cast or a walking boot could be necessary.

Generally, after two to four, or up to six weeks, the sprain will heal, though this depends on the severity of the injury and the individual’s ability to stay immobilized. After the big symptoms subside, light working or exercising of the area usually follows.

Ankle Surgery Types

Ankle surgeries come in many different forms. Truth be told, there are a number of ankle surgery types. So, we’ll take a look at the most common in order to keep it as relevant as possible. But, we’re including different procedures because there are also quite a number of different foot and ankle conditions that people can suffer from. (Some are more severe than others, of course. And, there are persistent conditions and temporary ones, as well.) Read on to learn more about the different ankle surgery types.

Ankle surgery types vary in different ways because these are intended for certain conditions. Since people walk an average length of one and a half to two miles or between 3,000 to 4,000 steps per day, it’s little wonder why foot and ankle conditions are so common. Because of this, there are various procedures that doctors perform on the feet and ankles to relieve or cure different conditions:

  1. Plantar fasciitis. This is a condition that manifests as an inflammation in the fibrous tissue in the heel bone. When this problem rises to a severe level, surgery might be a necessity to provide relief.
  2.  Hammertoes. Bent toes are painful and there are two ways to correct the problem: arthroplasty and arthrodesis. The first one is the removal of a deformed joint, while the second is a procedure to fuse the phalanges.
  3.  Morton’s neuroma. This condition is mostly found to affect the third and fourth toes. When this issue goes untreated, it becomes severe and surgery is needed to fix the problem with the nerves.
  4. Bunions. These are unsightly problems that come in the form of bony lumps that usually appear on the side of the feet (often close to or on the base of the big toe).
  5. Metatarsal surgery. This procedure is performed in order to provide relief from a form of arthritis. It is done to fix or correct a dislocated joint, that is known in the medical community as the “metatarsophalangeal joints.”
  6. Ankle fusion. As the name states, this is a procedure to fuse together bones into one single piece. Also called “ankle arthrodesis,” this surgery is intended to treat an arthritic condition and provide the patient relief from pain.

Lastly, ankle replacement is another form of surgery, known as “ankle arthroplasty,” which likewise is performed to treat arthritis.

Of course, it’s important to speak with your doctor about your symptoms to get the right advice.

What is a Podiatrist?

What is a podiatrist? This is a common question asked by someone who is experiencing problems in their feet, usually when consulting their own doctor. While most physicians can give their patients a general idea of what a particular issue might be, it’s often up to a specialist to give them a more accurate diagnosis. If you’re reading this, chances are excellent that your doctor or someone else recommends that you might see a foot specialist.

What is a podiatrist? A podiatrist, also commonly called a foot doctor, is a medical professional who specializes in the care and treatment of the feet. Additionally, podiatrists work with the ankles as well. These medical professionals diagnose and treat foot conditions, including handling such complex procedures as surgeries.

What Does a Podiatrist Do?

Now, you might wonder what it is exactly that podiatrists do in their practice. Although most people believe they deal only with feet, this isn’t true, podiatrist also deals with the entirety of the lower extremities, including the ankles and more. These specialized healthcare professionals have extensively studied conditions that affect the feet, ankles, and lower extremities, practice diagnosing said issues, and work to correct abnormalities and even deformities.

How Are Podiatrists Trained?

Like other medical clinicians, foot doctors or podiatrists undergo extensive education and training in order to earn their right to practice. Generally speaking, podiatrists attend a 4-year specialty school, followed by an internship that can last 3 years or more. Some go on to specialize in particular areas of practice, such as deformities. However, most are already specialized enough to diagnose and treat just about any problem that occurs in the feet, ankles, and lower extremities. Therefore, podiatrist or foot doctors usually spend a total of 7 years in postgraduate work and on the job training.

What Conditions Do Podiatrists Treat?

As one might imagine, podiatrists treat many different issues dealing with the feet, ankles, and lower extremities. These include but are not limited to Morton’s neuroma, bunions, diabetes, hammer toe, chronic ingrown toenail, abnormalities in walking gait, heel pain, diabetes, and more.

When Should I See a Podiatrist?

Generally speaking, if you experience pain in your feet, ankles, or lower extremities, although you might consult your own doctor, you’re likely to be referred to a podiatrist. Conditions and issues that should prompt you to see a foot doctor are swelling, chronic pain, diabetes, and generally any discomfort or pain — be it periodic or constantly recurring — should cause you to see a podiatrist right away.

What You Need to Know about Neuromas

What you need to know about neuroma or Morton’s Neuroma, is that it doesn’t necessarily have “typical” symptoms. In other words, some people — but not all — experience little to no pain. While others experience moderate to severe pain. Although, what is common is the fact that it occurs in the foot or feet.

First and foremost, a neuroma is a condition of the foot or the feet, that irritates nerves, most often in the third and fourth toes. Also called an “intermetatarsal neuroma,” due to its location on the ball of the foot, usually between the metatarsal bones. However, this isn’t always the case, as it can also occur in the second and third toes. Most often, this condition affects women more than men, particularly middle-aged women. (Brought on by the wearing of heels and tight shoes.)

Symptoms of Neuroma or Morton’s Neuroma

So, how does a person know if she or he has foot neuroma? Other than an MRI, most people affected by neuroma will experience some level of discomfort or pain. For instance, patients have reported feeling like they have a bunched-up sock or are standing on a stone or pebble.

For those who do experience pain, it can range from mild to moderate to severe. Some experience numbness or tingling and difficulty in walking. However, there usually isn’t swelling, as one might expect.

Causes of Neuroma or Morton’s Neuroma

Since this affects women — especially middle-aged women most — it won’t likely come as a surprise that it’s generally caused by wearing high heels and/or tight shoes. Although, this is certainly not the lone cause. Some people develop the condition through an abnormal gait or an abnormality in the foot or feet.

Additionally, Morton’s neuroma is typically associated with other types of foot conditions, which include, but are not limited to flat feet, hammertoes, high arches, and bunions.

Neuroma or Morton’s Neuroma Treatment

Neuroma or Morton’s neuroma can be treated through a number of methods. Depending on the severity of the condition, resting the foot, applying ice, exercising and stretching, might be enough to lessen the discomfort and/or pain. Also, over the counter medications can likewise help.

But, these aren’t the only treatments. It might require physical therapy or even injections administered by a physician. In more severe cases, surgery could be the only real option. (Only a doctor will know for sure.)

If you experience discomfort or pain in your feet, be sure to see your doctor right away.

What is Tendinitis?

What is Tendinitis? It’s a question that doesn’t pop-up. That is, until it somehow, someway, enters your life. Generally, but not always, tendonitis usually begins to occur in older or elderly people, though it can affect younger individuals. Tendonitis can be mildly uncomfortable, or cause moderate to severe pain, depending on where it occurs in the body and the severity of the issue. Read on to learn more about tendonitis and what you need to know.

What is Tendinitis? Put simply, tendonitis is the inflammation of areas in the body where muscle and bone join together. So, it can occur just about anywhere, including the upper body, the lower body, and around the joints.

While there are many types of tendonitis, there are some which are far more common than others. Of them, three of the most common occurrences are golfer’s elbow, tennis elbow, and Achilles tendonitis.

  1. Golfer’s elbow, one of the most common forms of tendinitis, occurs on the inner side of the elbow and can affect either the right or left arm.
  2. Tennis elbow, is another common type of tendonitis, and it affects the forearm muscle near the elbow joint, and can also occur in either arm.
  3. Achilles tendon, likewise a quite common type of tendonitis, is characterized by an injury to the Achilles tendon, where the calf muscle and heel bone meet. Just like other types of tendonitis, Achilles tendonitis can occur on either foot.

How to Treat Tendinitis

While tendonitis can affect just about anyone, it is most often found in athletes, young people who play sports, as well as elderly individuals. Fortunately, most forms of tendonitis can be treated with some simple steps at home.

Since tendonitis is a swelling or inflammation of a muscle and bone connection, it can usually be treated effectively without having to see a physician. simply by resting the affected area, and limiting motion in the problem place, this will help to heal over a relatively short period of time. Individuals who experience pain because of tendonitis can take anti-inflammatory, over-the-counter medicine, for relief.

However, not all forms of tendinitis can effectively be treated at home. For example, a person who experiences tendonitis, such as an athlete, may suffer a more severe issue than someone who does not exert their Bonnie in the same way. Also, elderly individuals who experience tendonitis may suffer from the issue on a more long-term basis.

If you believe that you are experiencing a problem with tendonitis, be sure to consult your doctor right away.

Diabetic Wound Care

Diabetic wound care is all about being in the know. In other words, it means knowing what to do, as well as what not to do. If you know the best practices, you know what to avoid and that will help you in healing faster. However, if you don’t take proper care of any type of diabetic wound, it will obviously only worsen over time. Read on to learn more about diabetic wound care.

Diabetic wound care takes a lot of careful consideration and patience. Otherwise, you can unwittingly cause more discomfort and pain, not to mention, extended downtime. So, let’s take a quick look at the dos and don’ts of diabetic wound care:

1. Do check your feet every day. For diabetics, it is not at all unusual to experience issues such as redness, cuts, swelling, and other problems. You need to check your feet every day, even if you do not have a wound, to ensure there are no issues. If you experience a loss of sensation or another problem, you need to see your doctor right away.
2. Don’t perform any unnecessary procedures on your own. Some diabetics make the mistake of trying to take care of seemingly small issues themselves. Even things like the removal of dead skin shouldn’t be done without permission from your doctor.
3. Do rest when you can. Diabetic wound care means being careful with your body, particularly with your feet. If you have a problem with one of your feet, be sure to take the weight off it when possible. The less pressure and exertion your foot undergo, the better.
4. Don’t forget to change your bandage. Even people without diabetes must remember this sanitary necessity. It is imperative to change your bandage regularly in order to help promote healing.
5. Do ask your physician about stubborn wounds that do not heal. If you experience any type of issue that is persistent in nature, it is very important that you let your doctor know and consult with him or her about a treatment plan. Diabetics take longer to heal than people without diabetes, so it’s absolutely necessary to address issues immediately when they arise
6. Don’t ignore other lifestyle behaviors that can help you to heal faster. It is crucial for diabetics to do everything they can to manage their conditions. This includes maintaining a well-balanced, sensible diet, getting enough exercise, and being as proactive as possible.

Treatment of Foot and Ankle Arthritis

Treatment of foot and ankle arthritis comes in different forms. It can be taken care of through nonsurgical means but in some instances, might require surgery in order to offer effective relief.

Arthritis is one of the most common ailments in the country and indeed, the world. But, that doesn’t make it any less serious. Arthritis can be painful, either mild or extreme, and even debilitate those who suffer from the condition. This is particularly true for people who suffer from foot and ankle arthritis because it can severely limit mobility.

Foot Arthritis and Ankle Arthritis Symptoms

Symptoms of foot and ankle arthritis range from subtle to obvious. It usually occurs during movement but can also manifest as irritation or tenderness in joints. Other symptoms include joint swelling, that also includes warmth and/or redness.

Additionally, people who suffer from foot and ankle arthritis can experience joint stiffness, along with pain and swelling after rising up from sitting, even during periods of inactivity or simply resting. Moreover, difficulty in ordinary walking or moving around is yet another symptom of arthritis.

Types of Foot and Ankle Arthritis

There are many kinds of arthritis that can affect the human body. When it comes to foot and ankle arthritis, there are generally three kinds of arthritis, which commonly include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, while osteoarthritis usually manifests in people over the age of 50 and is more commonly known as “wear and tear arthritis.” Meanwhile, post-traumatic arthritis occurs in the foot and/or ankle, generally caused by an injury, even if that injury occurred many years ago.

Foot and Ankle Arthritis Diagnosis

Foot and ankle arthritis can be detected through a few different technological means, which include MRI, CT scan, or weight-bearing CT scan.

So, just how is foot and ankle arthritis treated? Well, that depends on its severity, location, and other factors. A doctor might recommend lifestyle modifications, such as low impact physical activities like swimming, biking, yoga, or walking.

Another type of treatment for foot and ankle arthritis is through nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications, also known as NSAIDs. These can be taken orally and are generally available over the counter.

Other ways to treat foot and ankle arthritis are through orthotic inserts and braces. These are physical devices that help to relieve the symptoms of foot and ankle arthritis. Also, corticosteroid injections might be recommended. In some cases, surgical treatment is the most preferred solution.

What You Need to Know about Haglund’s Deformity

What you need to know about Haglund’s Deformity, first and foremost, is that it’s often a painful condition that might or might not require surgery to correct. However, not everyone that suffers from Haglund’s Deformity necessarily feels extreme pain. A person might only experience mild discomfort, but this could change over a period of time. It really depends on the person and the stage of said deformity. Read on to learn more about what you need to know about Haglund’s Deformity.

One of the most peculiar things about this condition is that it has no real identifiable cause. However, scientists have established a few probable links to this foot condition.

What is Haglund’s Deformity?

Haglund’s Deformity is named for the doctor who first identified the condition, in 1927. It’s also known more commonly as “pump bump.” This euphemism comes from the early belief that the deformity occurred due to the wearing of high heels. However, it’s now known this is merely an overgeneralization of one or more possible causes.

Haglund’s Deformity itself is a bony growth or protrusion, located where the Achilles tendon attaches to the heel.

What Causes Haglund’s Deformity?

While it is not yet known what actually causes Haglund’s deformity, medical professionals have none the less identified some features and or conditions that seem to have a strong link to the development of the deformity.

These include, but are not limited to, a high arc in the foot, feet rolling outward while walking, a prominent heel bone, and tight Achilles tendon.

Additionally, some types of footwear are also thought to have a link to the deformity. These include roller skates, ice skates, steel toe work boots, dress shoes, and rigid heavy winter footwear.

What are the Symptoms of Haglund’s Deformity?

Generally, the symptoms of Haglund’s deformity are a pain in the heel, a visible bump or protrusion from the heel, calluses and blisters on the heel, redness and swelling on the heel, and similar symptoms.

How is Haglund’s Deformity Treated?

There are a number of treatments for Haglund’s Deformity, which include things as simple as avoiding certain types of footwear, physical therapy, and other non-surgical means. However, there certainly are cases when a surgical remedy is the only viable, long-term treatment for Haglund’s Deformity.

If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, speak with your primary physician as soon as possible, it might be necessary to see a foot specialist thereafter.

Caring for Athlete’s Foot

Caring for athlete’s foot isn’t very difficult, although it will take some persistence to get rid of it. In order to properly care for athlete’s foot, it’s very important to first understand what it is and how people get it. Read on to learn more about how to care for athlete’s foot.

About Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot probably gets its name due to the fact the conditions in which it develops and spreads are most common among athletes. That is to say, athlete’s foot thrives in a closed, warm, and moist environment. Therefore, locker rooms are an ideal place for incubation.

Athlete’s foot is actually not a muscular or skeletal problem with the foot. Instead, it’s a fungal infection. And, anyone can get athlete’s footmen, women, boys, and girls — regardless of age. Said fungi feed on keratin, which is a protein that’s present in hair, nails, and skin.

While athlete’s foot is contagious, it’s not as contagious as most people think. Although, it can spread through contact with contaminated surfaces, such as towels, shoes, and even floors.

Athlete’s Foot Symptoms

The most obvious sign of athlete’s foot is the presence of a red, itchy rash. It usually appears first between the toes, though not always. It can spread to other parts of the foot, including the toenails, the soles of the feet, and along the sides of the feet.

People with athlete’s foot might notice red blisters, along with dry and scaly skin on the soles of the feet. Also, some people who are infected with athlete’s foot suffer from ulcers or sores. These can leak fluid, omit a foul odor, and have a red appearance.

Caring for athlete’s foot requires doing so as soon as symptoms appear. In most cases, over the counter medications are enough to treat athlete’s foot, but this isn’t always so with everyone who gets it.

Be sure to follow the OTC manufacturer’s directions carefully to treat athlete’s foot and if symptoms worsen or persist, see a doctor right away.

Besides using an over the counter medication to treat athlete’s foot, you should always wash and dry your feet every morning and evening. Additionally, it’s best to wear different pairs of socks daily and avoid wearing damp or wet shoes.

Apply antifungal powder or spray to the feet daily and allow your feet to get plenty of air.

If any problems persist, see a doctor as soon as possible.

Foot Surgery Types

Foot surgery types range from minor to semi-major. The fact of the matter is, foot surgery types depend on the patient’s condition. The real question — to start with — is foot surgery even necessary? Your doctor will determine the best course of action with appropriate treatment. But, there are definitely cases when foot surgery is the only answer. Read on to learn more about the various types of foot surgery.

Foot surgery types come in many shapes, sizes, and entail various factors. First of all, the average person takes between 5,000 and 7,000 steps per day. That works out to approximately 150,000 to 210,000 per month. Or, an astounding 1,825,000 to 2,555,000 per year. (By the way, that works out to 345.6 or 483.9 miles annually.)

That’s a huge amount of work your feet need to do. So, it should come as no surprise that people develop problems with their feet. Here are the most common types of foot surgery you should know about:

  1. Bunion surgery. A bony bump which forms on the joint near or on the base of the big toe. It’s an uncomfortable condition and one that could require surgery to correct.
  2. Hammertoe surgery. This is a painful condition which causes the toes to bend or curl downward, rather than pointing forward as normal. It can develop over time due to arthritis or even due to wearing shoes that don’t fit.
  3. Heel spur surgery. A calcium deposit that can result in a bony protrusion on the underside of the heel, this is a condition which can be fixed through a surgical procedure.
  4. Metatarsal surgery. In some cases, it might be necessary to undergo metatarsal surgery in order to effectively redistribute the weight-bearing upon the ball of the foot.
  5. Tendon surgery. There are several reasons for tendon surgery. These are done to fix chronic conditions, repair ruptures, and more.
  6.  Toenail surgery. Some people suffer from problems with their toenails, such as deformities, infections, and damage. Therefore, nail surgery might be the best option to deal with the problem.
  7. Reconstructive foot and ankle surgery. This is generally done in an attempt or to correct bigger issues with the feet and ankles. This type of foot surgery is usually quite complex.

As you can see, there are a number of foot surgery types — some being more complex than others.

Ankle Surgery Procedure

Ankle surgery procedure is something anyone who is suffering from problems is interested in learning about. After all, any surgical procedure is cause for concern, especially the more complex. But, when it comes to ankle surgery, this is a very common procedure and a safe one, at that. Read on to learn more about the ankle surgical procedure.

What is Ankle Surgery?

As you might correctly guess, ankle surgery is done to correct an issue. This can be something like a bone spur, to remove debris, or remove unsightly scar tissue, or perhaps, to fix pain in the ankle.

Why is Ankle Surgery Performed?

Ankle surgery is usually done for one of five reasons. (However, this is by no means the only reasons or an exhaustive list.) Here are the most common reasons people undergo ankle surgery:

  1. Ankle cartilage damage. People who have ankle cartilage damage are candidates for ankle surgery.
  2. Removing a bone spur. This is a painful condition and one that can generally be treated by ankle surgery.
  3. Removing debris. There are instances where individuals have debris and it must be surgically removed.
  4. Scar tissue removal. Scar tissue can be removed through surgery. But, this isn’t always a viable option.
  5. Posterior ankle pain. For people who have pain in their ankle, surgery might be an answer. Be sure to consult your physician in order to make the right decision.

Of course, there are other reasons for undergoing ankle surgery. For instance, it might be necessary in the case of a fracture or a break. And, there are other reasons for ankle surgery.

Ankle Surgery Preparation

Before you undergo ankle surgery, you’ll have to prepare. In general, you’ll probably be asked to refrain from eating or drinking on the day of the procedure. You might also need to take a blood-thinning agent like aspirin. Of course, it’s necessary to tell your surgeon about any medications you’re taking. And, you should also arrange for transportation, particularly if it is an outpatient procedure.

Now, we’ll briefly go over the ankle surgical procedure. This begins with an application of anesthesia. Usually, an intravenous line will be inserted. Then, the ankle, foot, and leg will be sterilized.

The procedure may or may not require breathing assistance, depending on the circumstances. The ankle is numbed, either locally or regionally. Thereafter, small incisions are made. The surgeon will then perform the actual procedure. When finished, the incisions are stitched and bandaged.


Types of Foot Orthotics

The types of foot orthotics apply to different situations. In other words, what you might need in the way of foot orthotics might not work with someone else with similar foot problems. Doctors recommend foot orthotics for various reasons. It really depends on the particulars and what can do the most good. Read on to learn more about the different types of foot orthotics.

About Foot Orthotics

Okay, let’s begin with a quick introduction about foot orthotics or foot orthoses. What exactly are foot orthotics and why are these recommended by doctors? Well, the first part of the answer is quite simple. Foot orthotics are merely custom support. The second part of the question can be best answered by a doctor. However, in general, foot orthotics are used to help correct a problem and/or provide relief.

Why Do People use Foot Orthotics?

Usually, people use foot orthotics to help prevent pain in the heels of their feet. A fairly common example is to help people deal with shin splints or perhaps another condition, such as runner’s knee. Foot orthotics are generally helpful for people who have such issues.

How Long do People use Foot Orthotics?

This really depends on the specifics of the particular situation. Put another way, it’s just too vague to provide a good answer. However, people can use foot orthotics for a few weeks, months, or even years. Again though, the amount of time for using foot orthotics is situation-specific.

There are different types of foot orthotics. Most often, foot orthotics are broken down into two broad categories — these are functional and accommodative. (There are many more types of foot orthotics but for the purposes here, we’ll stick with the two main categories.)

In general, functional foot orthotics are used in cases where the person has some sort of foot biometric issue. In plain English, that means people who have abnormal conditions in their feet. So, functional foot orthotics do just what the name implies.

Now, accommodative foot orthotics are more common when it comes to helping prevent mild kinds of pain. Also, accommodative foot orthotics might be used to deal with minor problems. For instance, accommodative foot orthotics include things like braces, casts, as well as splints.

There are also hybrid types of foot orthotics. These are a combination of functional and accommodative. Here again, it depends on the person’s condition and needs.


What to Know about Corrective Foot Surgery

Corrective foot surgery. Three words that can strike fear into anyone who hears the phrase. And, for good reason. Your feet do a lot of work during the course of an average day. These serve as your source of ambulation for approximately 5,000 to 7,000 steps per day. So, it’s important to have a basic understanding of corrective foot surgery.

For those who have pain in their feet or have sustained an injury, surgery might well be the answer. But, that’s not always the case. In fact, doctors often place foot surgery as a last resort. That is unless of course, it’s the only real fix.

You should also know that foot surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure. And, in most cases, it’s only performed with a local anesthetic. So, just a couple to a few hours after the procedure, you’ll walk (or limp) out of the building.

Additionally, understand that recovery periods can take a long time, ranging from 8 to 12 weeks. You’ll spend quite a bit of time for your foot up or elevated and performing some maintenance, like changing bandages.

Also, corrective foot surgery can be quite expensive. But, on the flip side, insurance may cover the procedure. Better yet, complications from corrective foot surgery are pretty rare occurrences.

Types of Corrective Foot Surgery

Now, let’s take a look at the types of corrective foot surgery. These are done for certain circumstances and conditions. Meaning, your doctor might recommend one rather than another as the best solution. (This depends on many factors and the one which might work best could not be listed below.)

  1. Metatarsal foot surgery.
  2. Bunion surgery.
  3.  Hammertoe surgery.
  4. Plantar fasciitis surgery.
  5. Ankle surgery.
  6. Achilles tendon surgery.
  7. Morton’s neuroma surgery.
  8. Tibialis posterior tendon surgery.
  9. Flat foot surgery.

As you can see, there are several types of corrective foot surgeries. Which one is obviously dependent on your particular situation.

You’ll consult a doctor who will then make a recommendation. As stated above, corrective foot surgery is mostly a last resort option. There might well be alternatives, such as physical therapy and other solutions, like braces or casts.

Some people experience foot and ankle pain which doesn’t require any type of surgical procedure.

As with any other form of medical condition or injury, consult your doctor and follow his or her advice. If corrective foot surgery is necessary, your doctor will discuss the details with you.

What Are Foot Orthotics

Foot orthotics or foot orthoses are just a kind of customer support. They are designed with the wearer in mind and generally custom made to offer better results than over the counter types. Now, this doesn’t mean over the counter foot orthotics won’t work for you, but your doctor will make recommendations what’s best for your particular condition.

Common Reasons for Using Foot Orthotics

The most common reasons for using foot orthotics are to deal with pain in the heel or pain in the arch of the foot. For instance, foot orthotics might be recommended to deal with shin splints or runner’s knee. Of course, there are many other reasons for using foot orthotics.
How Long are Foot Orthotics Used?

This is too general a question to answer specifically. But, foot orthotics can be used for a short term period or for longer amounts of time. Some foot orthotics can last from 5 to 10 years. Obviously, the amount of time to use foot orthotics will totally depend on the individual and his or her condition.

Types of Foot Orthotics

Now, what types of foot orthotics are there? Basically, there are two kinds of foot orthotics: functional and accommodative. (Please keep in mind there are several foot orthotics but these are the two general categories.)

Generally, functional foot orthotics are used to support abnormal foot biomechanics. In other words, to help people with abnormal foot conditions to live a normal life and have good mobility. Also, functional foot orthotics are used to correct certain problems.

Accommodative foot orthotics are used to relieve mild pain and to correct some types of minor problems with the feet. Examples of accommodative foot orthotics are things like braces, casts, and splints. There are also gait plates and others, as well.

Additionally, there are some types of foot orthotics that combine both function and accommodative. So, these are designed to do a bit more for people who use them.

As you can see, there are several types of foot orthotics, which are used for different reasons.


Advances in Ankle Fracture Technology

Advances in ankle fracture technology still occur today. This should not come as a surprise, as methods have changed greatly, just the past several decades. Advances in ankle fracture technology allow doctors to treat patients with different needs according to their situations.

Sir Reginald Watson-Jones was among the first to successfully produce results for problems with the ankle, including ligament injuries. His work turned conventional wisdom at the time on its head, disproving long-held beliefs.

Then, in the 1970s, many professionals began to question orthodox methods in treating ankle fractures and other problems. For instance, Dr. Isadore G. Yablon used anatomic restorations. Yablon found some practices did not affect stability, using healthy ligaments and other vital components.

Some twenty years later, in the 1990s, total ankle replacement became a viable treatment. More recently, in the past decade, even more, advances have been made with respect to ankle fracture technology. (Two examples include the Agility Total Ankle Replacement System and the Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement.)

For example, arthroscopic-assisted procedures allow surgeons more flexibility in determining the best course of action.

Also, there are more options to treat ankle injuries than ever before. In some instances, patients are best served with an ankle replacement. Still, others benefit more from ankle fusion. The right procedure, of course, is chosen on a case per case basis. The latter employs the use of graphs, plates, and screws. While the former, also called ankle arthroplasty, replaces the existing anatomies with metal and plastic prosthesis.

One question patients often have is when is the right time to undergo ankle surgery? The answer is a complex one and ultimately up to the patient. Generally, it’s a matter of when the patient can no longer take the pain associated with his or her injury.

Then, it’s a matter of determining the right procedure. For patients who wish to continue to enjoy an active lifestyle, ankle replacement surgery is usually preferred. Since this is done to mimic the natural function and provide the greatest range of motion with less pain, it’s most suitable for active people.

However, ankle fusion is generally more appropriate for individuals who are overweight, patients who suffer from nerve damage, diabetes, paralysis, and other complications.

Obviously, there’s much more to the equation than what’s covered here. Regardless, advances in ankle surgery give doctors and patients alike far more options. And, it’s vital patients understand which is the best choice for their particular set of circumstances.

About Arthroscopic Ankle Surgery

Arthroscopic ankle surgery is a medical procedure used to alleviate or fix certain conditions. It’s a remedy for restoring cartilage damage in the ankle, removing bone spurs lying within the joint of the ankle, removing debris or removing scar tissue, or to treat posterior pain in the ankle.

Arthroscopic ankle surgery is performed by inserting a tiny camera into the joint, along with other small incisions. (This is why it is also referred to as “scoping the ankle.”)

A surgeon will use a fiber-optic camera and surgical tools to address the problems of the patient. It usually serves as an alternative to traditional open surgery, which is more intrusive and extensive. Therefore, arthroscopic ankle surgery patients benefit from a quicker recovery time.

Reasons for Arthroscopic Ankle Surgery

There are four common reasons for arthroscopic ankle surgery. (Please note, this is not an all-inclusive or exhaustive list, but rather, the most common reasons for performing arthroscopic ankle surgery.)

  1. Repairing damaged ankle cartilage. If you suffer from damaged cartilage in your ankle, it might require arthroscopic ankle surgery to correct the problem.
  2. Bone spur removal. Bone spurs are a painful condition that can be alleviated with arthroscopic ankle surgery.
  3. Removing debris or scar tissue. If you have debris or scar tissue on or around the ankle, arthroscopic ankle surgery might be necessary. Your doctor will assess your condition to know for sure.
  4. Treatment of posterior ankle pain. Some individuals who suffer from pain in the posterior of the ankle could benefit from arthroscopic ankle surgery.

Clearly, these are not the only reasons doctors advise their patients to undergo arthroscopic ankle surgery; please consult your physician for an evaluation.

Risks of Arthroscopic Ankle Surgery

Of course, there are risks of undergoing arthroscopic ankle surgery. As with any type of surgical procedure, there is a slight risk of infection. Patients who undergo arthroscopic ankle surgery also have a small risk of damage to blood vessels, which could cause bleeding to occur. Also, some patients suffer nerve damage as a result of the procedure.

Arthroscopic Ankle Surgery Recovery

In most cases, patients who undergo the arthroscopic ankle surgery procedure go through a healing period of about six weeks. (This is due to the fact that arthroscopic ankle surgery is generally an outpatient procedure.) It’s highly advisable to stay off the ankle as much as possible during that time and immediately report any problems to your doctor if you experience issues.

 Houston Custom made foot orthotics-what you need to know

Custom orthotics are specially-made devices designed to support and comfort your feet. Prescription orthotics are crafted for you and no one else. They match the contours of your feet precisely and are designed for the way you move. Orthotics are only manufactured after a podiatrist has conducted a complete evaluation of your feet, ankles, and legs, so the orthotic can accommodate your unique foot structure and pathology.

Prescription orthotics are divided into two categories:

  • Functional orthotics are designed to control abnormal motion. They may be used to treat foot pain caused by abnormal motion; they can also be used to treat injuries such as shin splints or tendinitis. Functional orthotics are usually crafted of a semi-rigid material such as plastic or graphite.
  • Accommodative orthotics are softer and meant to provide additional cushioning and support. They can be used to treat diabetic foot ulcers, painful calluses on the bottom of the foot, and other uncomfortable conditions.

Podiatrists use orthotics to treat foot problems such as plantar fasciitis, bursitis, tendinitis, diabetic foot ulcers, and foot, ankle, and heel pain. Clinical research studies have shown that podiatrist-prescribed foot orthotics decrease foot pain and improve function.

Orthotics typically cost more than shoe inserts purchased in a retail store, but the additional cost is usually well worth it. Unlike shoe inserts, orthotics are molded to fit each individual foot, so you can be sure that your orthotics fit and do what they’re supposed to do. Prescription orthotics are also made of top-notch materials and last many years when cared for properly. Insurance often helps pay for prescription orthotics.

About Shoe Inserts 

You’ve seen them at the grocery store and at the mall. You’ve probably even seen them on TV and online. Shoe inserts are any kind of non-prescription foot support designed to be worn inside a shoe. Pre-packaged, mass-produced, arch supports are shoe inserts. So are the “custom-made” insoles and foot supports that you can order online or at retail stores? Unless the device has been prescribed by a doctor and crafted for your specific foot, it’s a shoe insert, not a custom orthotic device—despite what the ads might say.

Shoe inserts can be very helpful for a variety of foot ailments, including flat arches and foot and leg pain. They can cushion your feet, provide comfort, and support your arches, but they can’t correct biomechanical foot problems or cure long-standing foot issues.

The most common types of shoe inserts are:

    • Arch supports: Some people have high arches. Others have low arches or flat feet. Arch supports generally have a “bumped-up” appearance and is designed to support the foot’s natural arch.
    • Insoles: Insoles slip into your shoe to provide extra cushioning and support. Insoles are often made of gel, foam, or plastic.  
    • Heel liners: Heel liners, sometimes called heel pads or heel cups, provide extra cushioning in the heel region. They may be especially useful for patients who have foot pain caused by age-related thinning of the heels’ natural fat pads.
  • Foot cushions: Do your shoes rub against your heel or your toes? Foot cushions come in many different shapes and sizes and can be used as a barrier between you and your shoe.
  • When to Visit a Podiatrist

If you are simply looking for extra cushioning or support, you may wish to try an over-the-counter shoe insert first. If you have serious pain or discomfort, however, schedule an appointment with a podiatrist. He or she will assess your overall health and look for any other contributing factors. Today’s podiatrists are specially trained to evaluate the biomechanics of the lower extremity.

Your podiatrist will examine your feet and how you walk. He or she will listen carefully to your complaints and concerns and assess the movement and function of your lower extremities. Some also use advanced technology to see how your feet function when walking or running.

The information gathered during the exam will help your podiatrist determine if shoe inserts might be helpful or if you need prescription orthotics. If orthotics are needed, your podiatrist will capture a three-dimensional image of each foot. Those images, as well as any measurements obtained by your podiatrist, are used to create a set of unique foot supports that will improve your foot movement and lead to more comfort and mobility. Your podiatrist might also suggest additional treatments to improve the comfort and function of your feet.

Plantar Fasciitis: Causes And Preventative Measures  

Are you struggling with pain in one or both or your feet that seems to spread out of your heels? This is the overwhelmingly common key symptom indicating the presence of plantar fasciitis.

Plantar fasciitis typically troubles people who have passed middle age. Although the condition is less common in younger people, it’s not completely unknown. Regardless of the sufferer’s age, plantar fasciitis is chronic, painful, and sometimes even debilitating.

You don’t need to talk long with plantar fasciitis sufferers before you start to hear frightening tales about the sheer intensity of the pain that can completely derail a sufferer’s day-to-day life. There are several different factors that increase the likelihood and severity of plantar fasciitis. If you’ve experienced the first twinges of pain yourself or simply want to reduce your odds of developing fasciitis, do your best to steer clear of these causes:

* Carrying Excess Bodyweight

Plantar fasciitis’s painful sensations are triggered by putting pressure on your feet. The heavier you are, the more pressure you’re applying when you stand, walk, or run. 

* Exercising Too Hard

Pushing your body past its limits when you’re working out can bring on plantar fasciitis. Subjecting your feet to extreme strain without limbering them up increases the odds of an injury. Plantar fasciitis is often caused by damage to the plantar fascia. This is an important tendon running along the bottom of your foot. Subjecting that tendon to too much strain, especially subjecting it to sudden stress, can cause it to tear. Even if you’re careful to stretch thoroughly and respect your body’s limits when you exercise, there are some workouts that subject the plantar fascia to more stress than usual. These include dancing, hiking, running, and jogging.

* Working On Your Feet

A job that requires you to remain standing for hours on end can cause enough foot stress to bring on plantar fasciitis. Note that the flooring in your workplace plays a role here. Hard, unyielding surfaces (like concrete) stress your feet more than soft floors.

* Wearing The Wrong Shoes

Any sort of footwear that discourages a full range of motion can cause or aggravate plantar fasciitis. High heels are a common culprit, but really any shoe that delivers poor arch support or has a thin sole can cause problems.

* Posture / Gait Problems

Healthy feet are supposed to keep your body weight evenly distributed. If the way you tend to stand and walk disrupts that even distribution, the imbalance may cause plantar fasciitis. A tendency to arch your foot too much or not enough can be especially problematic. Tight calf muscles that decrease foot flexibility are also potential risk factors.

Understanding the risk factors for plantar fasciitis is the first step in avoiding it. There are some action steps you can take as well to protect yourself further:

* Wear properly-fitted shoes that provide ample support. Comfortable shoes that encourage healthy foot position make plantar fasciitis much less likely.

* Stretch your feet and calves before engaging in physical activity. A little stretching “warms up” the muscles and reduces the amount of strain they’re subjected to. This is a generally useful suggestion that can prevent all sorts of strains and injuries, not just plantar fasciitis.

* Maintain a healthy body weight. Keeping your weight healthy reduces the amount of pressure you put on your feet and minimizes the likelihood of plantar fasciitis.

Sudden ankle pain without injury.

Sudden ankle pain without injury. It sounds like a dull topic. That is until you’re feeling it. The truth of the matter is, sudden ankle pain without injury is more common than you might think. When it does strike, you’ll certainly look for answers because it’s a very uncomfortable condition to endure for long at all. So, let’s take a quick look at what sudden ankle pain without an injury means.

Just What is the Ankle Anyway?

We’ll begin with the basics. That is to say, to define just what the ankle is. Okay, so you know where it’s located and its basic functions. But, have you ever stopped to really consider just how complex this part of the body truly is to your everyday life?

The ankle, known to physicians as the “talocrural region,” isn’t just a single joint in the body. No. It’s actually three different joints that form the meeting place between the leg and the foot. The ankle contains a few main bones, the tibia, and fibula, along with the talus.

So, when it suffers from certain conditions, it could be due to a number of reasons. Since it is a hinge joint, problems with it cause all sorts of complications as far as day to day life goes.

Common Sources of Ankle Pain

There are several types of ankle pain, most often due to injury. These include, but are not limited to Achilles tendinitis, avulsion fracture, broken ankle, tarsal tunnel syndrome, and a broken foot. However, not all ankle pain comes from an injury. Sometimes, it’s caused by other conditions.

Sudden Ankle Pain without Injury

In fact, sudden ankle pain without injury is not at all an uncommon circumstance. For instance, sudden ankle pain without injury can be due to joint inflammation, known as bursitis, or arthritis called out, or even a disease known as osteoarthritis.

The last or osteoarthritis is a breakdown of cartilage in the joint. (Cartilage is simply the cushion of the joint, located at the end of the bone.) So, when cartilage breaks down, there is less cushion. Hence, pain often follows as a result.

Rheumatoid arthritis is another common cause of sudden ankle pain without injury. It presents as an inflammatory disease in the joints, causing damage to the area.

Yet another form of arthritis is gout, characterized by the excess presence of uric acid in the body, forming painful crystals. However, sudden ankle pain without injury might also be triggered by lupus, an autoimmune disease that attacks healthy tissue.

Foot Surgery for Flat Feet

Foot surgery for flat feet. A concern for those with a particular set of conditions which make the simple act of walking a painful experience. Basically, there are five types of surgeries for flat feet. But, before we get into these, it’s best to understand what the condition is, its symptoms, and surgical treatments to correct it.

Foot Surgery for Flat Feet

Foot surgery for flat feet is generally done to repair abnormalities with the feet. It’s not always necessary to result in surgery. In some instances, wearing supports and other protocols will provide enough to correct or relieve the problem.

What are Flat Feet?

So, what exactly are flat feet? And, just how do flat feet form in the first place? Well, there are several explanations for these two questions. Flat feet result in a collapse of the arches. That natural arch which resides at the bottom in the middle between the toes and the heels. There are actually two types of flat feet: flexible and rigid. Flexible flat feet still retain motion, with the arches able to be restored when no weight is on the feet. A rigid flat foot is basically stuck-in-place.

Flat Feet Causes

Flat feet are caused by either genetics or are developed over time. Flat feet can even occur in children and teenagers, they are not exclusive to adults and elderly people. Flat feet can result in a tarsal coalition, arthritis, and other tendon problems.

Flat Feet Surgical Procedures

There are five kinds of surgeries for treating flat feet:

    1. Medializing calcaneal osteotomy
    1. Lateral column lengthening
    1. Dorsal opening wedge osteotomy
    1. Tendon and ligament procedures

Each of these can be fully explained by an experienced foot doctor. But, as previously stated, surgery isn’t always necessary. There are also non-operative treatments:


Why the Heels, Feet, and Ankles are So Important 10-1-2018

The most common heel ailments can cause several different issues to arise. This is because we all know the body parts actually function as a whole. Therefore, when there is an issue with the heart, it affects the rest of the body. Or, if there’s a problem with the hips, there’s likewise an impact on the body as a whole. The same goes for the heels of the feet. So, let’s take a look at the most common heel ailments people experience.

Why the Heels, Feet, and Ankles are So Important

Did you know that one-quarter of all the bones in the human body are located in the feet alone? It’s true. There are also 33 joints and over 100 muscles, including tendons and ligaments. With such complex anatomy, it is easier to immediately appreciate just how important to the body the heels, feet, and ankles are so vital. Because these represent the main source of our everyday transportation, any problems in one or more of them can easily cause a number of other issues to arise, not only with physical health but also, mobility and comfort.

How Health Issues in the Heel affect the Body

When there’s a problem with one or more heel, it can easily have a negative impact on the feet, ankles, knees, hips, and back. If you cannot walk with your normal gait, it will eventually cause issues with the rest of your body as it’s a departure from how it normally functions.

Most Common Heel Ailments

Now, let’s take a look at the most common heel ailments people experience and what they mean:

    1. Hammer’s toe. Hammertoe generally comes about when a person wears shoes which are too small or have too little space in the toe box. It generally affects the second toe or the toe right next to the big toe. Hammertoe often results in corns and calluses, which makes it difficult to walk.
    1. Calcaneal spur. Also known as a heel spur, it occurs on the bottom of the foot, directly under the heel bone. When it happens, swelling occurs, making it painful.
    1. Plantar fasciitis. Best described as a stabbing pain in the heel, plantar fasciitis is probably the most common type of heel ailment. Typically, people with plantar fasciitis feel the most pain in the morning.
  1. Sever’s disease. Also known as “calcaneal apophysitis,” sever’s a disease is most common in children. It’s characterized by heel pain.

Foot Surgery Procedures 9-4-2018

The most common foot surgery procedures correct a variety of conditions. Some are for relief from arthritis, while others are to help heal broken bones. Still, others are to correct other problems, such as bunions, hammertoe, and more. So, let’s take a look at the most common foot surgery procedures.

Foot Surgery Procedures

Foot surgery is performed for a number of reasons. Although, most physicians will offer and try alternatives before going straight to a surgical procedure. However, there are instances when surgery is the only real option. But, more often than not, nonsurgical methods produce results.

There are instances when surgery is a necessary fix. Or, at least to help correct a problem and/or alleviate pain. Here are the most common foot surgery procedures and foot issues which might require a medical operation:

  1. Usually related to bunions, an osteotomy is a procedure that involves cutting bones for joint realignment. Although, it is used for other issues with the foot and ankle.
  2. Joint fusion. Known to the medical community as “arthrodesis,” this is a surgical procedure to fuse joints by removing the ends of the bones where they meet to make up a connective joint. The ends are joined together and then eventually become one.
  3. Fracture repair. While most people associate bone breaks and fractures with casts, this isn’t always the right solution. There are some circumstances that require surgery for proper repair. Sometimes, a cast just isn’t sufficient and surgery can do what other methods cannot.
  4. Arthroscopic debridement. This is a procedure to treat arthritis symptoms, such as inflamed tissue or spurs. It’s done with a scope and camera.

Foot Conditions which might Require Surgery

We’ve already hit on bunions but these are worth repeating. A bunion is an enlargement of the bone and tissue near the joint of the big toe. The following are also foot conditions which may need surgery to fix:

  1. This is a buckling in the foot which might also cause other problems, such as corns and calluses. Although other treatments are usually enough, surgery might actually be required.
  2. Bone spurs. These can also be treated with nonsurgical methods but in some instances, only a medical procedure is enough.
  3. This is nerve irritation which can also be treated with nonsurgical means. But, surgery is sometimes necessary for the right fix.
It’s important to keep in mind if you’re experiencing any unusual pain in your feet, it’s time to speak with your doctor.

Ankle Surgery Types

Ankle surgery. Is it a necessity or are there alternatives? And, which is the best course of action? Well, it depends on the problem. Which means you need to understand the most common types of ankle surgery. So, let’s take a look at the top types of foot and ankle surgery and the conditions these procedures intend to fix in one way or another.

Ankle Surgery Types

Did you know that foot and ankle issues make the top of the list for the most common health problems in the United States and beyond? It’s true. Foot and ankle problems are among the most common. And, for good reason. After all, the primary mode of transportation (even though we don’t think of it this way), is on foot.

What’s more, people routinely exercise and participate in sports, as well as other recreational activities. That translates into a whole lot of usage. So much so, foot and ankle problems are among the most common.

Now, let’s take a look at what those common conditions are and the types of ankle surgery used to correct said issues:

  • Ugh and ick, all at the same time. Bunions are bony lumps which form on the side of the foot, near the base of the big toe. And, they’re unsightly, not to mention, painful. But, surgery can correct this issue.
  • Hammer’s toes. When toes are bent, there are two different surgical procedures that can provide a correction: arthroplasty and arthrodesis. The former removes the deformed joint, while the latter fuses phalanges together.
  • Metatarsal surgery. Usually caused by a form of arthritis, the metatarsophalangeal joints might well become dislocated. And, if other methods of correcting the issue don’t deliver results, surgery is generally a workable alternative.
  • Morton’s neuroma. This is a very painful condition that mostly affects the third and fourth toes. If serious enough, a nerve is surgically removed to provide relief.
  • Plantar fasciitis. This is an inflammation where fibrous tissue connects to the heel bone. If the condition is severe enough, day surgery might become necessary to fix the issue.

Additionally, there are other types of procedures, including ankle fusion, triple fusion, and even ankle replacement. In some instances, other types of treatment are sufficient to correct problems. However, this isn’t always the case and surgery might become necessary as a more viable solution.

As with any other type of physical issue, it’s important to see a doctor right away once you begin to experience symptoms.

Foot Surgery for Arthritis

Foot surgery for arthritis. Is it a real thing? And, if so, how does it work and what does it do? Well, foot surgery for arthritis is an alternative to relieve the pain. But, it’s not for everyone. Although, it does have its benefits. So, let’s take a quick look at foot surgery for arthritis.

Foot Surgery for Arthritis

Before we get into foot surgery for arthritis, we’ll explain exactly what the affliction of arthritis is and how it develops. Now, everyone has heard the term “arthritis” but have you ever stopped to wonder what it actually is? Sure, you know that it’s pain experienced in one or more joints. But, it’s really a bit more complex than just that.

This is because arthritis is a catch-all term for more than 100 types of joint discomfort and pain. That’s right, over 100 different types. And, over 50 million American adults and 300,000 children suffer from one form or another of arthritis. Yes, that’s correct — children can also suffer from arthritis. So, it’s really not about age.

Therefore, arthritis is a generalized term, applying to different severities of joint pain, ranging from mild to moderate, to severe. And, there is no cure for arthritis. Instead, it can be effectively treated in a number of ways. For example, diet, exercise, medication, and even surgery. So, yes, surgery is one method for dealing with arthritis. Of course, not everyone is a candidate and it does have its risks.

What to Know About Foot Surgery for Arthritis

If you suffer from arthritis in your feet, you probably dread walking or worse yet, walking long distances. It’s uncomfortable and downright painful, under some circumstances. You’ve tried different medications, exercise, and eat a good diet, yet it’s still a problem.

Yes, you can have surgery for arthritis. Here’s an overview of what to expect when it comes to foot surgery for arthritis.

If you are determined to actually be a good candidate for foot surgery for arthritis, the doctor will use a procedure called “arthroscopy,” which is the insertion of a small camera into the foot or ankle. The surgeon might remove bone spurs or other problems. This either lessens or eliminates the pain arising from arthritis.

However, it’s very important to note, that such a procedure does not always guarantee results. This is due to several factors. One such factor is the problem can easily reoccur. Although, it might not. Ultimately, you need to consult your doctor and explore what’s best for you.

Type 2 Diabetes and your Feet

Type 2 diabetes and your feet — there are things you should definitely know about this topic. (Particularly if you’re in the pre-diabetic stage or have already been diagnosed.) Regardless, even if you aren’t suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes, this is important information to know because it does provide you with insight as to how serious this disease really is to every aspect of your health.

Type 2 Diabetes and Your Feet

Okay, let’s first begin with what diabetes is and how it affects the body. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are chronic. Meaning they are ongoing and incurable. Read that last sentence again. Diabetes cannot be cured. But, it can certainly be managed and if done right, not present any or very few problems.

Diabetes is a condition in which how your body regulates blood sugar levels. (That’s what medical professionals call glucose.) You need insulin, which your body produces naturally. But, people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes don’t produce insulin. And, those with type 2 do not respond to insulin as well.

The onset of diabetes usually comes with a few common symptoms. These include things like having to urinate frequently, constant thirst and/or hunger, a feeling of being overly fatigued, blurred vision, and wounds that don’t properly heal.

But, this isn’t all, when a person suffers from type 2 diabetes, they can experience a number of problems with their feet. This is due to the fact that your feet are the farthest appendages from your heart and lungs.

If you have type 2 diabetes, you’re more at risk to experience many foot problems, including calluses, cuts, dry skin, pigment changes, swollen spots, hot spots, and more.

But, this certainly doesn’t mean that you’ll experience one or all of these conditions. In fact, there are many things you can do to avoid diabetes-related foot problems. For instance, wearing the right shoes.

Wearing the right shoes is very important for those who suffer from type 2 diabetes. Shoes should provide excellent support, be very comfortable, and have large closed-toe toe boxes.

Additionally, those who suffer from type 2 diabetes should check their feet, each and every day. That means both feet, including the heels and in-between the toes. Always wear shoes, sandals, or slippers. Do not walk barefoot.

Visit your doctor if there are any problems with your feet. Eat a well-balanced diet and exercise regularly to better manage your diabetes. For help with Diabetic Foot Problems, please contact us.

Common Foot Problems for Diabetics

People who suffer from type 1 and type 2 diabetes can also suffer minor to severe foot problems. This is due to the fact that both type 1 and type 2 diabetes affect blood circulation, which can lead to peripheral artery disease or peripheral neuropathy.

PAD or peripheral artery disease, essentially hardens the arteries through plaque build-up over time. While peripheral neuropathy is damage done directly to the nerves. Basically, it comes down to poor blood circulation. And, since the feet are furthest appendages from the heart and lungs, diabetics need to be proactive when it comes to their foot health.

Common Foot Problems for Diabetics

Foot problems that arise from type 1 and type 2 diabetes are numerous. Diabetics may suffer from calluses on the feet, corns, nail fungal infections, athlete’s foot, hammertoe, bunions, ingrown toenails, skin cracking due to drying, and more. Treatment of such condition varies, based on the specifics and extent. Sometimes, just antibiotics are prescribed but it could require surgery, in some instances. Other times, it’s a simple as a lifestyle change or a change in what you wear on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care Tips

To prevent problems with your feet if you are a diabetic, you need to practice some good habits and make a few changes. Here are some helpful diabetic foot care tips you can use:

  • Check your feet daily. Inspect your feet every day. If you notice something out of the ordinary, see your doctor. You’re looking for any abnormalities such as bunions, calluses, corns, dry skin, and more.
  • Wash your feet daily. Good hygiene goes a long way when it comes to caring for your feet. Wash your feet daily and apply lotion. You can also massage your feet for more relief.
  • Gently smooth calluses and corns. If you do see calluses or corns, don’t pick or tear at these. Instead, gently smooth them and see your doctor for more care and information.
  • Keep your toenails trimmed. Trim your toenails straight and do not cut them too short. Additionally, take careful notice of anything peculiar, like yellow toenails, brittle nails, and more.
  • Wear the right shoes and socks. It’s very important for diabetics to wear the right shoes and socks at all times. You need comfortable socks and shoes with a wide toe box. Do not wear tight-fitting shoes and avoid heels and wedges, if possible.

Symptoms that You may Need Ankle Surgery added 4-5-2018

There are some signs that you may need ankle surgery. Although this is a complex matter, some symptoms are more prominent than others. Of course, the ankle itself is a very complex mechanism. So, it’s very important that you know what to look for in order to take care of any emerging issues before they worsen. With that said, let’s take a look at some symptoms which might require ankle surgery.

Symptoms that You may Need Ankle Surgery

First, though, we’ll quickly take an overview of the ankle and what it does. The rear end of the foot is made up of the heel bone and ankle. These are nicely joined by a joint. With this natural machine, you are able to turn your foot from side to side and up and down. So, the ankle is a hinge joint, much like the elbow and knee. And, like the others, it gives you a lot of mobility.

What you should know, is although the ankle is durable, it’s not impervious to injury. In fact, it’s one of the most commonly injured areas of the body. Sports, recreational activities, and even day-to-day occurrences can all be culprits.

If you think about the role of your ankles as supporting weight and providing mobility, it’s not surprising how injury prone they actually are at any given moment. So, let’s now take a look at ankle surgery signs you need to be on the lookout for:

  • Chronic pain in the ankle and/or foot. Okay, this might well belong to the obvious category. But, it’s common for people to ignore chronic pain. They simply justify it as wear and tear from overactivity and age. However, no chronic pain should be ignored. It’s the body’s way of telling you that something is really wrong.
  • Blisters, corns, and bunions. Blisters, corns, and bunions are somewhat similar but not the same. Blisters generally contain clear liquid. While corns are hardened skin close to a bone or between toes. Bunions are also hardened skin but on the bottom of the foot. And, all can be signs you need ankle treatment.
  • Persistent heel pain. Constant pain in the heel is yet another indicator that you might need ankle surgery. Any type of persistent pain should be checked by a doctor/.
  • Tenderness and swelling. If you experience tenderness and/or swelling in your ankle, it might require a surgical fix.

Lastly, pain during motion or a need to limp are also bad symptoms of ankle problems.

Foot and Ankle Disorders added 3-2-2018

Foot and ankle disorders vary from minor to severe. Some are treatable without surgery, while others require more serious attention. Of course, it’s always advisable to consult an experienced professional when it comes to foot and ankle disorders. But, if you need a little information about the most common and treatment options, you’ll find what you’re looking for right here.

Foot and Ankle Disorders

Unfortunately, foot and ankle disorders are actually quite common. They range from mild to serious and some are chronic while others are only temporary. Sadly, too many people suffer from foot and ankle disorders due to their lifestyle and even due to their choice of footwear. You read that right, your diet, exercise routine, and even footwear can all contribute to foot and ankle disorders. But, it’s not always your lifestyle. Some foot and ankle disorders simply show up in newborns and small children. Here are the most common foot and ankle disorders you should know about:

  • Known to the professional medical community as “talipes equinovarus,” clubfoot usually presents itself at birth. It’s a condition in which a newborn’s foot twists inward. Over time, the condition can worsen and of course, when it starts, can begin to inhibit the ability to walk. However, clubfoot is treatable. It can be reversed using stretching and casting. Or, a combination of stretching and taping. If these treatments do not produce results, surgery is an option.
  • Flat feet. Called “pes planus,” flat feet mean there’s little to no arches. It’s actually more common than most people suppose. And, it is treatable. Those who suffer flat feet can use exercises to improve their condition. Others must partly or totally rely on orthotics, like shoe inserts and more.
  • Pigeon toes. Also called “in-toeing,” pigeon toes are slightly inward pointing feet. Of the most common foot and ankle disorders, this condition usually only requires self-correction. Most children who suffer from in-toeing eventually outgrow the condition.
  • Painful bumps that appear right behind the big toes are bunions. If left untreated, bunions can effectively cause misaligning, which is a more serious condition. Medications and changes in footwear might be enough to treat bunions. But, some cases do require surgery to treat bunions.
  • Tarsal coalition. This condition is an abnormal connection between the tarsal bones. It generally shows up between the ages of 8 years old and 18 years old. A tarsal coalition can be treated with casting, steroids, physical therapy, and possibly, with surgery. For help with Foot or Ankle Problems in the Houston area, please contact us

Tips for Pain-Free Running -added 2-1-2018

Pain-free running is something everyone wants to experience but many don’t think that it is even possible. The good news pain-free running is not only possible, but it’s also something you can do with very little effort. If you suffer from aching ankles and feet, pain in your knees, and a throbbing lower back, you don’t have to feel those things anymore. There are ways to accomplish pain-free running.

Tips for Pain-Free Running

Everyone knows that running is a simple, low impact way to help you stay in shape as part of a larger fitness routine. But, too many people hit the pavement without a clue as to how to run pain-free. The result is an unpleasant experience and one that causes a lot of unnecessary discomfort. It’s enough to discourage most people away from running altogether. But if you know a few pro insights, you’ll be able to get the most out of running without regretting it. Here are some helpful tips on how to run pain-free:

  • Use your forefoot to your advantage. One secret some runners know includes the use of the forefoot. The forefoot is the area located on the fourth and fifth toes, toward the outside of the foot. It’s here you should make contact with the ground, not on the toes or on the heel.
  • Pick up your stride frequency. Keep your feet close to the ground at all times to quicken your stride frequency. By running at a faster cadence, you’ll begin to reduce stress on the hips and knees. Thus, it will reduce pain, later on, giving you a more productive and pleasant running experience.
  • Always begin by stretching. We all know that stretching is necessary before exercising. But, some people workout and then run a little. Regardless of where running fits into your overall fitness routine, you need to stretch. Be sure to stretch in key areas so you benefit more from running.
  • Don’t forget about your good posture. Your posture has a lot to do with how much of an impact running has on your body. Get with a pro to learn about overpronation or underpronation. Simply by changing your posture, you can run with a lot less pain.
  • Strengthen your body’s core and legs. Make no mistake about it, your body core and legs need strength training to help keep running a pain-free experience.

Another way to run pain-free is to have a plan. In other words, know when to stop so you don’t overwork your body. For help with any Foot or Ankle problems in the Houston area please contact us.

Common Foot Issues for Diabetics added 1-6-2017

Foot problems in diabetics are unfortunately common. Over 30 million Americans suffer from diabetes, with more than 1 million children and adults suffering from Type 1. It’s important to know that the older you get, the more at-risk you are at for developing diabetes. Diabetics must maintain a strict diet, get plenty of exercise, and avoid things such as tobacco and alcohol. This is also necessary because diabetics suffer from too much sugar or glucose in their blood. And, this and more means foot problems.

Common Foot Issues for Diabetics

The truth of the matter is, diabetes can set in at any time during your life. Although it’s more common in adults, more so with older adults and elderly people, it does crop up in young children. When diabetes develops, you must follow a healthy and balanced diet and exercise regimen, otherwise, you’ll risk suffering from complications.

Diabetics suffer from a number of foot problems, mostly because the feet are the furthest appearances from the heart and lungs. That extra travel space makes a lot of difference. What’s frightening is that when diabetic foot problems begin to develop, they can easily get a whole lot worse. Here are the most common foot issues for diabetics:

  • Peripheral neuropathy. This affects the nerves in the hands and feet. It often results in feeling things such as pain, numbness, weakness, and more. About 20 million people suffer from peripheral neuropathy and a good percentage are diabetic.
  • Skin problems. People who suffer from diabetes can also develop skin problems, generally dry and cracking skin. So, it becomes necessary to retain moisture in the feet by covering them with petroleum jelly to keep them from drying out.
  • Calluses and foot ulcers. Calluses build-up since the feet take so much pressure during the course of the day. Some people with diabetes need to wear therapeutic shoes and/or inserts. If calluses are left untreated, they can break open. An open, broken callus is known as a foot ulcer. These are small to large craters, which usually occur on the bottom or sides of the feet.
  • Poor circulation. Unfortunately, diabetes causes a restriction and narrowing of the blood vessels in the feet. They might harden over time. Poor circulation can be made worse by smoking. This likewise can cause a loss of feeling in the feet. And, that means it’s easier to sustain damage without realizing it’s there.

Lastly, people who suffer from diabetes are at a much higher risk of amputation. However, most amputations are preventable.

For help with Foot or Ankle Problems in the Houston area, please contact us

Symptoms that You may Need Foot Surgery added 12-5-2017

What symptoms tell you if you need foot surgery? And, why is this even a question? The short answer is, there are many common conditions that warrant nonsurgical treatment protocols. Your doctor simply recommends this or that and the problem is generally solved. But, what happens when the problem reoccurs or isn’t a good candidate for “conservative” management? That’s when surgery first becomes a viable option. However, it doesn’t necessarily mean that surgery is the only option.

Symptoms that You may Need Foot Surgery

We tend to think of physicians as medical professionals with all the answers. Their extensive formal education and work experience give them powerful insight into different types of conditions. While this extensive formal education and enormous work experience do lend well to provide insightful answers, the truth is medicine is practiced. Therefore, it’s not perfect or perfectible. But, there are plenty of instances where you can find the right direction. In other words, just because what’s true and works for one patient might not be same for another. Having put that out there, you can look for the following symptoms that you may need foot surgery:

  • Although bunions are fairly common and oftentimes manageable, they do at times require more extensive attention. This can include surgery. Bunions are a painful enlargement of the bone and tissue occupying the area around the joint in the big toe. These can produce redness, swelling, inflammation, and make wearing and/or be walking in shoes quite painful. Generally, nonsurgical treatments are enough but certain instances do require surgery to correct.
  • A foot deformity that causes a type of buckling, hammertoe can make life quite uncomfortable, to say the least. Hammertoe may also help to produce corns and calluses, which makes it difficult to wear shoes. To fix this, toe realignment is usually the answer and that’s done through surgery.
  • Bone spurs. Bone spurs form due to a number of reasons. Usually, they are a result of pressure, trauma, or even undue stress. As you might imagine, a bone spur can be very painful but it can be dealt with through surgery.
  • This condition is just a nerve irritation, coming as a result of such things as trauma, wearing tight shoes, or abnormal bone structure. Some nonsurgical treatments might be sufficient to deal with this condition. However, there are a number of cases where surgery is necessary to properly deal with bone spurs. For help with any Foot Surgery in the Houston area, please contact us

Most Common Ankle Problems

Did you know that the ankle is the most often hurt joint in the human body? The good news is, there are both surgical and non-surgical treatments. But, you can avoid most ankle injuries simply by performing a normal warm-up routine. However, injuries still happen. So, let’s take a look at the most common ankle problems.

Most Common Ankle Problems

The ankle is an amazing joint. And, it does a whole lot of work through the course of an average day. In fact, on an average day, a person takes about 4,700 steps. Even those considered sedentary take between 1,000 and 3,000 steps per day. That’s a lot of work in just the course of 15 to 17 hours. What’s more, when you multiply it, it balloons to 94,000 steps in the average month, which translates into nearly 1.13 million per year.
With all that ambulation, it’s no wonder why people have foot and ankle problems. And, because your ankles are so important, you should know the risks. Common ankle injuries include sprains, fractures, tendonitis, and arthritis.

The causes vary but are quite well known. Sudden twists or fast rotation outside the normal range of motion typically cause ankle injuries. Of course, falls and trips are some of the most frequent causes of ankle problems. And, hard landings from jumps are also a known injury cause.

So, if you suffer from pain, swelling, stiffness, walking difficulty, bruising, or lack of range of motion, you might be suffering from an ankle injury. And, it really doesn’t matter your age. (Although, elderly individuals are more susceptible to ankle problems as are people who stand for long periods, along with athletic people.)

Ankle Pain Causes

The single most common type of ankle problem is a sprain. So, what exactly is a sprain? In the simplest terms, a sprain is an injury to the ligaments. Those ligaments are connected to the bones. And, when strained or sprained, those ligaments can stretch and even tear.

Another common source of ankle pain comes from a fractured fibula (which is a very small bone in the foot). But, although it’s smaller than the tibia, it is the fibula which more often breaks.
Of course, there are other sources of ankle pain. These include conditions such as arthritis, along with gout, and also infection.

How Ankle Pain is Treated

Treatment depends almost totally on the type. So, a sprain is treated differently than a fracture. But, in general, you’ll probably receive non-surgical treatment. However, surgery might be an option for some cases.

3 Common Foot and Ankle Injuries and Surgeries

Foot and ankle injuries are common. But, we don’t often think about how dependent we are on our feet and ankles until there’s a problem. Let’s face it, you rely on your feet and ankles a lot through the course of the average day. In fact, if you’re like the vast majority of your peers, you probably take between 5,000 and 7,000 steps per day.

3 Common Foot and Ankle Injuries and Surgeries

Foot and ankle injuries are traumatic because we do use these every day. These are our primary means of transportation. And, it’s astounding just how complex our feet and ankles are and what they can and can’t do.

The foot is actually three parts in one. There’s the hindfoot in the back, the midfoot in the middle, and the forefoot in the front. Several bones make up the structure, with all kinds of muscles and tendons. In short, the feet and ankles are intricate body parts. And, you definitely know this, particularly if you currently have or previously had any problems with your feet and ankles.

Chances are if you currently have a problem, it is one of these three common foot and ankle injuries. Any one of these might require surgery and/or non-surgical remedies and treatments to correct the problems.

  • ● Chronic ankle sprain. Called chronic ankle instability in the medical world, a chronic ankle sprain is a condition when the outside of the ankle gives way. In turn, this causes ankle sprain on a repeated basis. As you can imagine, this results in persistent discomfort, pain, swelling, tenderness, and feeling wobbly or unstable. A chronic ankle sprain can be treated in several different ways. Depending on the case, it might require physical therapy, be wearing braces, and/or taking medications. However, there are instances when surgery is necessary to correct the problem.
  • ● Achilles tendon rupture. This condition is most common among athletes but anyone can rupture their Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon is a very strong and durable cord that connects the calf to the heel. And, when it’s ruptured, whether partially or completely, it sometimes requires surgery. But, that’s not always the case. Crutches allow the Achilles cord to rest, ice is also an option, and immobilizing the ankle are nonsurgical treatments. But, when surgery is necessary, the tendon must be repaired and is usually reinforced.
  • ● Ankle fracture. Another common foot and ankle injury is a fracture. This typically requires a cast or surgery to correct. The right treatment depends on the severity of the fracture.

Tips for Wearing High Heels Pain-Free

High heels are not necessarily a girl’s best friend. But, they are stylish and make your legs look great. However, high heels aren’t great for your feet. In fact, high heels are bad for your toes, ankles, joints, knees, and more. The best option is to ditch high heels for comfortable shoes, with plenty of toe room. But, if you can’t forgo the stilettos, you should know how to wear them without enduring a lot of pain.

Tips for Wearing High Heels Pain-Free

We all know high heels are feet killers. They also hurt your ankles and legs. But that discomfort can largely be avoided. Here are some helpful tips for wearing high heels pain free:

  • ● Wear the right size. This can’t be stressed enough. If you do not wear the right size, you’re doing your feet a big disservice and greatly increasing pain. When you wear the right size, whether its heels or other footwear, it’s a real help to your feet.
  • ● Choose thick heels. Simply put, the thicker the heel, the better the shoes are on your feet. The reason is the thinner the heel, the more you have to do to balance and that puts a lot of strain on your feet. Also, shorter heels are better than long, high heels.
  • ● Take your heels off. Throughout the day, take your heels off your feet. Just let your feet relax. Plus, be sure to stretch regularly.

Also, use over the counter inserts for more padding. While they aren’t impressive looking, they do work fairly well.

Pediatric Orthotics — What Is It?

If you are just encountering the term pediatric orthotics, you’re probably wondering what it means. Well, pediatric orthotics are specialized medical devices that children wear to help them deal with a specific physical problem. Known as “orthoses” these devices are custom made, specific to each child.

Pediatric Orthotics — What Is It?

Pediatric orthotics are designed for children to treat a condition or to lessen pain. (In some instances, orthoses do both.) These are used in physical therapy, by medical doctors, and by certified orthotists.

The reason pediatric orthotics are used and specialized for children is very simple — kids are very different from adults in many ways. Their bodies go through changes at various life stages and custom orthoses can help with certain conditions.

Moreover, a child’s development depends on many factors, which include genetics, and much more. Pediatric orthotics, also known as durable medical devices, are designed for children for a variety of reasons. And, children of all age groups may be candidates for custom orthotics.

For example, there are cranial-remolding helmets, spinal orthotics, reciprocating gait orthosis, hip abduction orthosis, and more. Each is designed to do a specific job, in order to help treat a condition or to offer pain relief. For instance, reciprocating gait orthosis is fitted around the waist, extending down to the feet to provide support for a number of conditions.

When a child is fitted for orthoses, they should also wear comfortable shoes and clothing for maximum comfort.

Parents of children needing pediatric orthotics usually rely on insurance to pay for the cost.

Four Tips for Pain-Free Running

Pain-free running isn’t always possible but you can take steps to minimize pain and discomfort. You just need a few solid tips for pain-free running. The truth of the matter is, your body changes as you grow older. So, you need to be willing to make accommodations for those changes. This will help you avoid unnecessary injuries and to get the most out of your running routine.

Four Tips for Pain-Free Running

When it comes to pain-free running, we all know there’s really no such thing. But, your goal should be to endure as little pain and discomfort as possible. In other words, no gain comes without pain but it doesn’t have to be an outright body punishment. You want to get the most out of your workout without causing unnecessary injuries. So, here are four helpful tips for pain-free running:

  1. Wear the right shoes, not just any athletic shoes. There are plenty of athletic shoes and particularly, running shoes on the market. But, just because these are running shoes doesn’t mean they are right for your feet. You need to be sure the shoes you wear when you run provide the right support. If you notice any discomfort or injuries to your feet after running, it could well be your shoes which are to blame.
  2. Warm-up your body with mobility exercises to start. Everyone knows to warm up before they start training or exercising, be it martial arts, lifting weights, cross-training, or even simple calisthenics. But, these are often done at the end of the day or in the middle of the day, when your muscles are warmed up and your blood flowing. If you run first thing in the morning, this isn’t the case, so do some mobility exercises before you begin running.
  3. Keep a pace during all your runs and don’t go all-out. Don’t make the mistake of going all out during every run. You should reserve that for specific training and pace yourself, even when you do turn on the afterburners. Pacing helps to protect your body and keep you in good condition. Mobility exercises are a great way to wake up your body so you can have a productive run.
  4. Be sure to stretch and let your body cool down. When you are finished with your run, you should not just shut down. Instead, take the time to stretch and give your body ample time to cool down. After all, you’ll pay a price if you don’t and that’s not worth the cost. For help with Houston Podiatry please contact us.

Reconstructive Foot Surgery for Rheumatoid Arthritis added 5-2-2017

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes mild to severe pain in the joints. Primarily, rheumatoid arthritis affects the limbs and is quite common in the feet and ankles. It’s characterized by swelling and often eventually leads to ligament damage, as well as other types of connective tissue. One method of relief from the damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis is reconstructive foot surgery.

Reconstructive Foot Surgery for Rheumatoid Arthritis

A chronic inflammatory issue, rheumatoid arthritis is not something to just live with day after day. Unlike osteoarthritis, which is caused by normal wear and tears as you age, rheumatoid arthritis can cause more damage, such as bone erosion and can even cause deformity of the joints themselves.

The signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis generally include warm, swollen joints that become tender. Stiffness is also another sign of rheumatoid arthritis, particularly in the first morning hours or after a period of restful inactivity.

These symptoms generally begin to occur in the smallest joints, most commonly in the toes and fingers. Eventually, the disease progresses to larger joints, causing more discomfort and pain.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s very important to see a doctor right away. Signs of rheumatoid arthritis in the feet and ankles calls for an experienced podiatrist.

While there is a number of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis, it might be best to seek more information about reconstructive foot surgery. Often, this provides the long-term relief most patients enjoy after experiencing many painful events, known as “flares.” When these occur, the symptoms are much more pronounced and the more often, the larger the extent of the damage.

Reconstructive foot surgery is done to do what the name states: to partially or mostly reverse the damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis.

In general, reconstructive foot surgery calls for an extensive procedure, carried out by an experienced podiatrist. In most instances, patients wear a cast after the surgery so the newly constructed bones and more can properly heal.

The recovery period depends largely on the extent of the damage and repairs. Therefore, recovery time can be as short as six weeks or as long as twelve weeks, perhaps more or less, depending on the circumstances.

It’s important to learn as much as possible about rheumatoid arthritis and the reconstructive surgery process. Patients should ask plenty of questions to gain an understanding of all that’s involved.

If you suffer from the discomfort and pain of rheumatoid arthritis, it’s imperative to see an experienced foot doctor for information about this and other treatment options.

Podiatry Treatment Addresses Many Health Challenges added 4-3-2017

Think podiatry just has to do with anything below the ankle? Well, while many people do have this impression, it’s largely incorrect. There are many health benefits to podiatry treatment, which can help to alleviate other physical problems. You’d probably be surprised by just how many health issues and physical ailments begin in the feet. So, it is important to understand that podiatry treatment addresses many health challenges.

Podiatry Treatment Addresses Many Health Challenges

Many people unnecessarily suffer from foot, leg, ankle, back, joint, muscle, neck pain, and more. The reason you feel pain in different parts of your body might have more to do with your feet than you realize. After all, you use your feet throughout the day and take hundreds or thousands of steps. Multiply that by a month or year and it’s an astounding amount of stress. This can easily lead to problems elsewhere in the body.

So, here’s how podiatry treatment addresses many health challenges:

●Toe and foot pain. Okay, this is where you’ll probably most associate podiatry treatment. But some people do just dismiss foot and toe pain as an inevitable part of life. That’s the wrong attitude because something more serious might well be going on. Whether it’s bunions, hammer toe, ingrown toenails, or something else, it could start to affect the rest of your body.

●Heel and ankle pain. Heel and ankle pain are common in people who stand for many hours during the day. But, just because you stand a lot doesn’t mean you should feel pain in your heel and ankle. It might have to do with your footwear, insoles, toe box, and more. It’s best to see a podiatrist when you feel pain in your heel and ankle.

●Leg, knee, and back pain. One of the most common ways people wind-up at a foot doctor’s office is they’ve already gone to see their own physician. It’s during a routine checkup or an appointment their doctor recommends seeing a podiatrist. If you suffer from leg, knee, and back pain, you should consult a foot doctor.

Tendonitis and swelling joints. Tendonitis occurs when the tissue connecting your muscles to your bones becomes irritated and inflamed. This is normally due to improper or not enough stretching before exercising or engaging in an outdoor activity. The result might well be tendonitis or swelling joints. If this occurs, you’ll probably experience moderate to severe pain.

As you can see, podiatry treatment can effectively be the best course of treatment for many common types of body pain. And, the key is knowing when to see a foot doctor. For help with any podiatry problems in the Houston area please contact us.

How To Choose Proper Shoe Insoles and Maintenance Tips added 3-3-2017

When it comes to being comfortable, it all starts with your feet. Your primary mechanisms for moving from place to place in your day to day life are your two feet. And, the more you can do to care for your feet, the better life you’ll enjoy. That’s why it’s important to know how to choose proper shoe insoles and how to maintain them for better foot and overall health.

How To Choose Proper Shoe Insoles and Maintenance Tips

No matter what type of shoes you wear (except for sandals), your feet should enjoy the most comfort possible. If you wear the wrong size shoe, shoes which are too loose, too tight, do not have an amply toe room, or insufficient padding, it’s going to take a serious toll on your feet.

The result of wearing shoes without insoles makes it highly more likely to be plagued by corns, bunions, calluses, ingrown toenails, and more unpleasant conditions. So, you’ve got to wear the right shoes, with the right insoles. Here’s how to choose proper shoe insoles and some helpful maintenance tips.

? Choose shoe insoles with plenty of padding. Although this should go without mention, it’s necessary to point out, your shoe insoles ought to have plenty of padding. After all, that’s the whole purpose behind purchasing and using shoe insoles — to provide more padding for the feet.
? Choose shoe insoles that are rightly sized. Shoe insoles are full-sized,? sized, and heel sized. Depending on what your feet need, it’s important to choose the right size so your feet enjoy the best support possible.
? Do not mix and match shoe insoles. Even though your feet aren’t exactly the same, it’s just not a good idea to mix and match. Wear them in pairs for the best results.

When you have the right shoe insoles, you’ll have to maintain them. Here are some great tips for how to care for shoe insoles:

? Replace them about every 10 to 12 months because this is the average lifespan.
? Be sure to remove shoe insoles which are subjected to moisture, whether it’s from rain, puddles, or just sweaty feet. Allow them to air dry when wet.
? Wash your shoe insoles periodically to keep them in good condition. Use mild detergent and always air dry to avoid damage.

By using and caring for your shoe insoles, you’ll do a big favor for your feet. This will help you enjoy less discomfort when relaxing and make walking a lot less of a potential danger to your foot health. For help with any foot problems please see

From Experienced Athletes – Four Tips for Pain-Free Running added 2-2

Running is a great way to get in shape and stay in shape. Along with regular exercise, a sensible diet, and plenty of downtime for rest, running is part and parcel of staying healthy. Although running is a natural act, it’s still fraught with potential pitfalls. That’s why you need to know some helpful tips for pain-free running from experienced athletes.

From Experienced Athletes – Four Tips for Pain-Free Running

Even though walking and running are completely natural to the human body, both do take a toll on the joints, muscles, and bones. Over time, your body undergoes changes and you need to be aware of these so you can react accordingly. If running is part of your routine, you must do it right to stay in good shape and avoid injuries. Here are four tips for pain-free running from experienced athletes:

1. Always run with the right shoes. You’ve probably seen those crazy looking shoes, sporting the split toes, looking much like gloves for the feet. These are an alternative to heavily padded shoes. Now, you might think, what’s wrong with some comfortable padding? Well, it doesn’t allow you to immediately or over time recognize what’s causing pain. The right shoes are designed to act as an extension of your feet, which helps you correct bad technique.
2. Start with a mobility exercise. We are familiar with stretching before exercising, whether it’s running, martial arts, weight lifting, or calisthenics. Well, that’s fine when your body is already warm, having gone through half or more of the day. But, if you run early in the morning, stretching is a bit too much because your body is cold. Allow it to warm up and get the blood flowing by doing some mobility exercise.
3. Pace yourself during runs. Usain Bolt might be the fastest man on the planet at the moment, but he doesn’t turn on the turbo on every run. He paces himself, as does any long-distance runner, so there’s plenty of gas in the tank from start to finish. You need to find your particular groove to get the most out of your pacing practice. Learn an appropriate pace so you get more out of every run.
4. Stretch and cool down after running. Stretching is essential to exercise safely. After your run, take time to lightly stretch and allow your body time to cool down at an appropriate rate.

Last but not least, be sure to dedicate time to downtime. A message is a great way to treat your body and with ample rest, you’ll enjoy a more healthy life

Foot Care for Diabetics added 1-6-2017

Living with diabetes means having to be proactive about your health. It’s very important for people with diabetes to watch what they eat, maintain a proper diet, keep their weight in check, and measure their insulin levels. Additionally, good foot care is necessary for people who have diabetes.

Foot Care for Diabetics

So, why is foot care so important for diabetics? Well, it’s all about blood sugar levels. Over the course of time, people with diabetes typically suffer from high blood sugar levels. That can cause nerve damage to occur, as well as cause problems with blood circulation. Eventually, problems develop in the feet first, because your feet are your primary mode of transportation.

Among the most common diabetic foot problems are ingrown toenails, sores, poor blood circulation, pain in the feet, and infections. Treating these foot health issues is difficult because you must walk day today. So, it’s important to know about the best foot care practices for diabetics. Here’s how people with diabetes should care for their feet:

● Wash and dry your feet every day. If you are diabetic, you must wash and dry your feet at least once a day, every day. Apply some lotion to your feet, but do not apply lotion between your toes. This will help to prevent drying and cracking skin on your feet.
● Check your feet for problems each day. Speaking of dry, cracked skin, that’s just one thing you should check your feet for each day. In addition, examine your feet for things like sores, blisters, scratches, discoloration, corns, cuts, and calluses, as well.
● Care for your toenails regularly. You should also regularly cut your toenails, but avoid cutting into the cuticles. Additionally, do not trim into the corners of your toes.
● Wear socks and shoes. You need to wear socks and shoes to help protect your feet every day. When you exercise, do so in comfortable shoes and avoid working out if there are sores or other problems with your feet.
● Don’t wear the wrong shoes. While it’s necessary to wear shoes, it’s important not to wear the wrong shoes. Avoid shoes with small toe boxes and get fitted for comfortable shoes.
● Immediately treat any foot problems. If any problems develop with your feet, take care of them as soon as possible.

If you do notice problems with your feet and you are diabetic, you should consult your doctor right away. Do not wait, see your physician immediately for treatment and to learn more about what you can do to take care of your feet.

Pediatric Orthotics – What is it? added 12-5-2016

Pediatric orthotics is the practice of using specialized, external medical devices to help correct a physical problem with a child. It could be to straighten body alignment, help a child walk properly, reduce physical pain, or another type of treatment.

Pediatric Orthotics – What It Is?

These devices, known as “orthoses” are both custom made or molded and custom-fitted to an individual child. Orthoses, or durable medical devices, are also generally covered by insurance.

Durable medical devices are used by many different medical professionals, including, but not limited to: physical therapists, certified orthotists, physicians, and others.

What are Orthotics Used For?

Children have to need specialized treatment which differs from adult care. Because there are still many biological changes occurring in children, pediatric orthotics use age-appropriate treatment protocols as a solution or at the very least, to help lessen pain.

Children are quite different from their adult patient counterparts in a variety of ways. It’s not only physical size and maturity, there’s a lot more similarities. For instance, the sagittal suture, which runs down the middle of the human skull is open or gapped at the time of birth. On average, the sagittal suture will close between the ages of 30 years to 40 years. However, some adults never reach what’s known as “full obliteration” or closing of the gap. Others close earlier than the average, about the mid to late twenties. While still, other adults’ sagittal sutures close in their mid to late fifties.

Children also develop in different ways, depending on a number of factors, including genetics, environment, and more. To address certain physical problems, medical professionals rely on pediatric orthotics to correct a variety of conditions.

Since every child is a unique individual, the durable medical device or orthoses must be customized to a particular child.

For children wearing orthosis, their shoes should be appropriate and comfortable. Good shoes will have durable construction, with leather being one of the most preferable materials.

Shoes should also be equipped with a quality heel counter, as well as a well-constructed solo. It’s equally ideal for shoes to be equipped with a removable insole, so there’s an ability to increase instep depth.

The heel height will vary depending on different factors, but in general, should range between one-quarter to three-eighths of an inch. A rockered toe is likewise preferable, along with shoelaces or quality velcro.

Pediatric orthotics are a wonderful benefit to child development and can provide a patient with a lifetime benefit.

Why You need to Take Foot Pain Seriously Added 11-1-2016

You need to take foot pain seriously because it’s more than uncomfortable. It could be a sign of something more severe. Your feet do a lot of work, each and every day. From the moment you rise, until you go to sleep, your feet propel you around. All of that work comes at a cost and there are a few good reasons to take foot pain seriously.

Why You need to Take Foot Pain Seriously

Approximately 46 million people in the United States suffer from arthritis, according to an estimate by the Arthritis Foundation. About 8 million Americans suffer from peripheral arterial disease. With such huge numbers, it’s clear our feet experience too much. So what do these figures and foot pain have in common? Well, the feet are where symptoms first appear and this is why you need to take foot pain seriously.

Swollen or Sore Feet: Gout?

Its possible gout is the culprit if you experience swelling in your big toe, or your ankle or knee. Gout is uric acid build-up and it’s something to take seriously. Fortunately, this condition is treatable and there are preventative measures you can take to keep it from happening again.

Cold Feet: Hypothyroidism?

No, it’s not about backing out of a deal but it is about how cold your feet feel when going about your day. Hypothyroidism is a condition which causes the thyroid gland to underperform, Since the thyroid helps to regulate body temperature, cold feet could be an indication of hypothyroidism.

Sores and/or Numb Feet: Diabetes?

If you have sores on your feet that do not seem to heal normally and/or experience numbness in your feet, it could be a sign of type 2 diabetes. It can also indicate peripheral nerve damage in your feet and elsewhere.

Sore Toe Joints: Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Some of the smallest joints in the human body are contained in the feet and hands. If you experience sore toe joints, this could be an indication of the autoimmune disease known as rheumatoid arthritis. The reason is that rheumatoid arthritis symptoms usually appear in the feet and hands first.

Toe and Leg Hair Loss: Peripheral Arterial Disease?

While it’s unusually striking, some people do experience a loss of hair on their toes and legs. That’s one sign of many it’s due to peripheral arterial disease. Other signs are changes in your legs’ color, numbness or weakness, as well as painful cramping and slow-healing sores on your toes and feet. Peripheral arterial disease increases the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you are in need of a  Houston Foot Doctor please contact us.

How Shoes Affect Your Foot Health

There’s simply no question about it: shoes affect your foot health and in more ways than one. Sure, we all love our old, comfortable pair and like to dress up on occasion, but what your footwear is doing to the health of your feet will definitely make you think twice.

How Shoes Affect Your Foot Health

The fact of the matter is, shoes are part of day-to-day life and are a lot more than just fashion. And don’t think the problem is just with women’s shoes — men are equally at risk for foot damage. Here are some of the most common ways shoes affect your foot health:

Shoes are typically restrictive. If you’ve ever wondered why it’s so hard to find a truly comfortable pair of shoes, it’s because there’s really no such thing. Think about all the muscles and bones in your feet. Step after step, there’s a lot going on and shoes restrict our natural movement.

Shoes are often too tight. While you don’t like the feel of loose shoes, pulling the laces tight is causing your feet more pain. Here again, you’re only doubling down on restricting your feet from freedom of motion.

Shoes are usually too stiff. There’s a reason we have to “break shoes in,” and it has everything to do with foot health. Manufacturers want to sell lasting products, so synthetic material is added to promote durability. Unfortunately, that makes shoes too stiff and causes damage to your feet.

Shoes are unnecessarily high. This applies to women’s shoes and women know how hard high heels are on their feet. High shoes or high heels are extraordinarily harsh on the feet because these seriously alter the natural stride. What’s more, high heels throw the balance of weight way off, which is why these often hurt your feet.

Flat shoes cause damage too. It’s not just high heels which cause damage to the feet, it’s also flat shoes. There’s a good reason for the arches in your feet and flat shoes do not have sufficient cushion. Wearing shoes that are too flat cause damage, especially when worn often. Your feet need more cushioning to protect your feet.

Those pointy shoes are trouble. The front of your shoes, called the toe box, are wearing your toes reside when you slip on a pair of shoes. If you wear pointy shoes, such as heels or boots, your toes are squished together. This is a common cause of bunions so try to avoid pointy-toed shoes — opt for big toe boxes instead.

Why Your Foot is Your Most Important Body Part

How often do you think about your feet? Perhaps when trying on a new pair of shoes or when fetching a foreign object out of a boot. Maybe, it’s when you realize a nail trim is in-order. One instance guaranteeing you’ll think about your feet is a pain. Pain and deformity are constant reminders the most important body part is the foot.

Why Your Foot is Your Most Important Body Part

Our bodies are amazing creations and their functionality is simply awesome. Think a moment about how much happens when you take a single step or other common day-to-day activities. Unfortunately, this incredible functionality is subject to

Unfortunately, this incredible functionality is subject to a flaw. Your feet are your default mode of transportation around your home, your workplace, and everywhere you walk from one place to the next. They carry your weight and help to keep you balanced. But such activity, along with inadequate footwear support, can result in maladies.

Shoes should always contain an adequate toe room, what’s called the “toe box.” The toe box is found on every variety of footwear, expecting sandals. It’s the area that covers and protects your toes. But, it can be cramped and wearing shoes with an inadequate toe box is trouble. Another cause of pain and deformity is poor support. Therefore, support and adequate toe room are very important.

Foot problems are caused by a variety of reasons, poor footwear, traits passed from parents, arthritis due to aging, and more. Two of the most common foot deformities: bunions and hammertoe. Fortunately, an experienced podiatrist is able to surgically intervene and correct said deformities.


The big toe is susceptible to bunions, a bony bump forming at the joint on or near the base. Bunions form as the result of the big toe pushing against the second toe. This is usually caused by tight shoes with inadequate toe boxes. But, there is also a hereditary link. The good news is, bunions are treatable conditions. With surgery, the condition can be corrected and the joint realigns to function normally. Although there is a lengthy recovery period, the foot will heal and work normally again.


The toe next to the big toe is the most common occurrence of hammertoe. Hammertoe is a condition in which a toe is permanently bent down, usually caused by certain types of footwear. These are often high heels and/or narrow toe box shoes. It’s common for corns to develop over a deformed joint. This causes pain in the foot. Like bunions, hammertoe is treatable. And, depending on the extent, can be treated without surgery. However, if the condition is rigid, surgical correction is usually necessary to restore normal function.